What They Are Saying About Justice Ginsburg and the Future of the Court
WASHINGTON – The death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the second woman appointed to the Supreme Court, has injected new uncertainty into the presidential election and set the stage for a bruising political battle in the nation’s capital.
Even as hundreds of people gathered Friday night outside the Supreme Court building, holding a candlelight vigil, the inevitable political maneuvering was already underway in the halls of power.
Ginsburg died Friday of metastatic pancreatic cancer at age 87 after 27 years on the court. Her final public statement, dictated to her daughter several days ago, was that she hoped the “next president” would get to pick her replacement.
Initially, President Donald Trump had kind words to say upon learning of Ginsburg’s passing.
“Renowned for her brilliant mind and her powerful dissents at the Supreme Court, Justice Ginsburg demonstrated that one can disagree without being disagreeable toward one’s colleagues or different points of view,” he said in a statement issued by the White House.
“Her opinions, including well-known decisions regarding the legal equality of women and the disabled, have inspired all Americans, and generations of great legal minds,” the president said.
“A fighter to the end, Justice Ginsburg battled cancer, and other very long odds, throughout her remarkable life,” Trump continued, adding, “Our thoughts and prayers are with the Ginsburg family and their loved ones during this difficult time.”
But his tone changed markedly as a sunny Saturday dawned in Washington, after the political calculus was considered. Trump’s team obviously now sees a potential battle over courts as an opportunity to jump start what so far has been a lethargic presidential campaign.
“We were put in this position of power and importance to make decisions for the people who so proudly elected us, the most important of which has long been considered to be the selection of United States Supreme Court Justices. We have this obligation, without delay!” the president tweeted shortly after 10 a.m.
A moment later he retweeted a posting from Steve Rattner, the Wall Street financier and op-ed writer for The New York Times, which said, “Harry Reid will go down in history for having handed the court to conservatives when he took the first step toward eliminating the 60 vote requirement for confirmation.”
Trump added his own comment, “Thank you, Harry!”
As flags wave at half-staff over federal buildings throughout the country and around the world on Saturday, serious questions are on everybody’s mind.
The first is who will Trump pick to replace Justice Ginsburg.
The second is whether Republican senators in tight races, like Susan Collins of Maine, Cory Gardner, of Colorado, or Joni Ernst, of Iowa, will break with their party and prevent Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell from calling a vote on the nominee.
Sen. Collins said Saturday the Senate should not vote on a nominee before the November election.
“I totally disagree with her, we have an obligation,” Trump replied. “We won. And we have an obligation as the winners to pick who we want.”
He has indicated he’s considering a woman to replace Ginsburg and expects to announce his selection next week.
Finally, of course, is how voters will respond to all this over the next few weeks until Election Day.
What follows are the statements that have followed word of Ginsburg’s death. Some are expressions of grief, others a hint of the future. Additions will be made as they come available.
Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr.
Our Nation has lost a jurist of historic stature. We at the Supreme Court have lost a cherished colleague. Today we mourn, but with confidence that future generations will remember Ruth Bader Ginsburg as we knew her — a tireless and resolute champion of justice.
Justice Clarence Thomas
My wife, Virginia, and I are heartbroken to learn of the passing of our friend, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Ruth and I first met when I began my tenure on the D.C. Circuit in 1990. With the exception of the brief period between our respective appointments to the Supreme Court, we have since been judicial colleagues. Through the many challenges both professionally and personally, she was the essence of grace, civility and dignity. She was a superb judge who gave her best and exacted the best from each of us, whether in agreement or disagreement. And, as outstanding as she was as a judge, she was an even better colleague – unfailingly gracious, thoughtful, and civil.
Through her loss of her wonderful husband, Marty, and her countless health challenges, she was a picture of grace and courage. Not once did the pace and quality of her work suffer even as she was obviously suffering grievously. Nor did her demeanor toward her colleagues diminish.
The most difficult part of a long tenure is watching colleagues decline and pass away. And, the passing of my dear colleague, Ruth, is profoundly difficult and so very sad. I will dearly miss my friend.
Virginia and I will keep her family in our thoughts and prayers.
Justice Stephen G. Breyer
I heard of Ruth’s death while I was reciting the Mourner’s Kaddish at the Rosh Hashanah service. I thought:
a great Justice;
a woman of valour;
a rock of righteousness;
and my good, good friend.
The world is a better place for her having lived in it.
And so is her family;
the legal community;
and the nation.
Justice Samuel A. Alito
Martha-Ann and I were deeply saddened by the news that Justice Ginsburg has passed away. Ruth and Marty made us feel at home immediately when I joined the Court, and we will certainly miss her. Justice Ginsburg will go down as a leading figure in the history of the Court. She will be remembered for her intelligence, learning, and remarkable fortitude. She has been and will continue to be an inspiration for many.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor
My dear friend and colleague Ruth Bader Ginsburg was an American hero. She spent her life fighting for the equality of all people, and she was a pathbreaking champion of women’s rights. She served our Court and country with consummate dedication, tirelessness, and passion for justice. She has left a legacy few could rival.
I will miss Ruth greatly. She welcomed me to the Court with a warmth I could not have expected, and I came to feel a special kinship with her. She was someone whose wisdom, kindness, and unwavering support I could always rely on. I will forever cherish the moments we shared.
I send my deepest condolences to her children, grandchildren, and great-grandchild. I know how much she treasured and loved you. She often said that leading a meaningful life means living for one’s family and one’s community, not for oneself. Ruth lived a profoundly meaningful life, and the numerous ways in which she changed ours will never be forgotten.
Justice Elena Kagan
To me, as to countless others, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a hero. As an attorney, she led the fight to grant women equal rights under the law. As a judge, she did justice every day–working to ensure that this country’s legal system lives up to its ideals and extends its rights and protections to those once excluded. And in both roles, she held to–indeed, exceeded–the highest standards of legal craft. Her work was as careful as it was creative, as disciplined as it was visionary. It will endure for as long as Americans retain their commitment to law. Ruth reached out to encourage and assist me in my career, as she did for so many others, long before I came to the Supreme Court. And she guided and inspired me, on matters large and small, once I became her colleague. I will miss her–her intellect, her generosity, her sly wit, her manifest integrity, and her endless capacity for work–for the rest of my life. I give my deepest condolences to her beloved children and grandchildren. May her memory be a blessing.
Justice Neil M. Gorsuch
Louise and I have lost a cherished colleague and friend. For forty years, Ruth served the American people as one of our most distinguished judges. Her sacrifices for the country were many, but always performed with honor. We are blessed by the happy memories that will remain, like traveling with Ruth to London where (to her delight) an uninformed guide kept calling her “Ruthie,” or all the opera she tried so valiantly to teach me, or her sweet tooth at lunch, or the touching stories of her remarkable life with Marty. We will miss Ruth and our hearts go out to her family. May she rest in peace.
Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh
Ashley, Margaret, Liza, and I are profoundly saddened by the loss of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and we extend our prayers and deepest condolences to her family and to her four decades of law clerks. No American has ever done more than Justice Ginsburg to ensure equal justice under law for women. She was a cherished colleague, and she inspired me, and all of us, with her unparalleled work ethic and devotion to the law. A meticulous and pathmarking judge, she held herself to the highest standards of precision and accuracy in her beautifully crafted opinions. And she inspired all of us to try to meet those same exacting standards. I learned from her principled voice and marveled at her wonderful wit at our weekly conferences and daily lunches. Justice Ginsburg paved the way for women to become lawyers and judges. She made it possible for women and girls like my daughters to compete on equal footing as student-athletes. When Justice Ginsburg was last in my office earlier this year, I pointed out a photo I keep of her standing with four women who served as law clerks in my chambers in my first term. As long as I am fortunate enough to serve on the Supreme Court, I will keep that photo prominently in my office as a continuing tribute to Justice Ginsburg and as a daily reminder to work hard and pursue equal justice. May God bless Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Justice David H. Souter
Ruth Ginsburg was one of the members of the Court who achieved greatness before she became a great justice. I loved her to pieces.
Justice Anthony M. Kennedy
The members of the Court always will cherish all that Justice Ginsburg meant to us as a distinguished jurist and an inspiring, wonderful person. She will have an esteemed place in the history of our Court. Ruth was a close, dear friend. Mary joins me in sending our deepest sympathies to her family.
In our court sessions and conferences Ruth was remarkably well prepared for every case, down to the smallest detail. If the two of us disagreed, it was always in a civil, principled, respectful way.
By her learning she taught devotion to the law. By her dignity she taught respect for others and her love for America. By her reverence for the Constitution, she taught us to preserve it to secure our freedom.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell
The Senate and the nation mourn the sudden passing of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and the conclusion of her extraordinary American life.
Justice Ginsburg overcame one personal challenge and professional barrier after another. She climbed from a modest Brooklyn upbringing to a seat on our nation’s highest court and into the pages of American history.
Justice Ginsburg was thoroughly dedicated to the legal profession and to her 27 years of service on the Supreme Court. Her intelligence and determination earned her respect and admiration throughout the legal world, and indeed throughout the entire nation, which now grieves alongside her family, friends, and colleagues.
In the last midterm election before Justice Scalia’s death in 2016, Americans elected a Republican Senate majority because we pledged to check and balance the last days of a lame-duck president’s second term. We kept our promise. Since the 1880s, no Senate has confirmed an opposite-party president’s Supreme Court nominee in a presidential election year.
By contrast, Americans reelected our majority in 2016 and expanded it in 2018 because we pledged to work with President Trump and support his agenda, particularly his outstanding appointments to the federal judiciary. Once again, we will keep our promise.
President Trump’s nominee will receive a vote on the floor of the United States Senate.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer
Tonight, we mourn the passing of a giant in American history, a champion for justice, a trailblazer for women.
She would want us all to fight as hard as we can to preserve her legacy.
The American people should have a voice in the selection of their next Supreme Court Justice. Therefore, this vacancy should not be filled until we have a new president.
Former Vice President Joe Biden
Tonight our nation mourns an American hero, a giant of legal doctrine, and a relentless voice in the pursuit of that highest American ideal: Equal Justice Under Law.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg stood for all of us. She fought for all of us. As a young attorney, she persisted through every challenge that an unequal system placed in her way to change the laws of our land and lead the legal charge to advance equal rights for women. It was my honor to preside over her confirmation hearings, and to strongly support her accession to the Supreme Court. In the decades since, she was consistently and reliably the voice that pierced to the heart of every issue, protected the constitutional rights of every American, and never failed in the fierce and unflinching defense of liberty and freedom. Her opinions, and her dissents, will continue to shape the basis of our law for future generations. May her memory be a blessing to all people who cherish our Constitution and its promise.
Tonight, and in the coming days, we should be focused on the loss of Justice Ginsburg and her enduring legacy. But just so there is no doubt, let me be clear: The voters should pick a president, and that president should select a successor to Justice Ginsburg. This was the position that the Republican Senate took in 2016, when there were nearly nine months before the election. That is the position the United States Senate must take now, when the election is less than two months away. We are talking about the Constitution and the Supreme Court. That institution should not be subject to politics.
Former President Barack Obama
Sixty years ago, Ruth Bader Ginsburg applied to be a Supreme Court clerk. She’d studied at two of our finest law schools and had ringing recommendations. But because she was a woman, she was rejected. Ten years later, she sent her first brief to the Supreme Court — which led it to strike down a state law based on gender discrimination for the first time. And then, for nearly three decades, as the second woman ever to sit on the highest court in the land, she was a warrior for gender equality — someone who believed that equal justice under law only had meaning if it applied to every single American.
Over a long career on both sides of the bench — as a relentless litigator and an incisive jurist — Justice Ginsburg helped us see that discrimination on the basis of sex isn’t about an abstract ideal of equality; that it doesn’t only harm women; that it has real consequences for all of us. It’s about who we are — and who we can be.
Justice Ginsburg inspired the generations who followed her, from the tiniest trick-or-treaters to law students burning the midnight oil to the most powerful leaders in the land. Michelle and I admired her greatly, we’re profoundly thankful for the legacy she left this country, and we offer our gratitude and our condolences to her children and grandchildren tonight.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg fought to the end, through her cancer, with unwavering faith in our democracy and its ideals. That’s how we remember her. But she also left instructions for how she wanted her legacy to be honored.
Four and a half years ago, when Republicans refused to hold a hearing or an up-or-down vote on Merrick Garland, they invented the principle that the Senate shouldn’t fill an open seat on the Supreme Court before a new president was sworn in.
A basic principle of the law — and of everyday fairness — is that we apply rules with consistency, and not based on what’s convenient or advantageous in the moment. The rule of law, the legitimacy of our courts, the fundamental workings of our democracy all depend on that basic principle. As votes are already being cast in this election, Republican Senators are now called to apply that standard. The questions before the Court now and in the coming years — with decisions that will determine whether or not our economy is fair, our society is just, women are treated equally, our planet survives, and our democracy endures — are too consequential to future generations for courts to be filled through anything less than an unimpeachable process.
Former President Bill Clinton
We have lost one of the most extraordinary Justices ever to serve on the Supreme Court. Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s life and landmark opinions moved us closer to a more perfect union. And her powerful dissents reminded us that we walk away from our Constitution’s promise at our peril.
Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C.
It was with great sadness that I learned of the passing of Justice Ginsburg.
Justice Ginsburg was a trailblazer who possessed tremendous passion for her causes. She served with honor and distinction as a member of the Supreme Court.
While I had many differences with her on legal philosophy, I appreciate her service to our nation.
My thoughts and prayers are with her family and friends. May she Rest In Peace.
Later, on Twitter, he added:
I fully understand where President @realDonaldTrump is coming from.
Senator Kamala Harris and husband Doug Emhoff
Tonight we mourn, we honor, and we pray for Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and her family. Tomorrow we fight for her legacy.
For all who believe in the power of the law as a force for change, Justice Ginsburg was and will always be a titan. She was a relentless defender of justice in our country and a legal mind for the ages. She also remained, throughout her life, a proud daughter of Brooklyn, with immigrant roots and a fire lit from an early age as a champion for progress and equality.
Justice Ginsburg was known to pose the question, ‘What is the difference between a bookkeeper in the Garment District and a Supreme Court justice?” Her answer: “One generation.” She never forgot where she came from, or those who sacrificed to help her grow into the historic icon we all came to revere.
Even as we focus on the life that she led and process tonight’s grief, her legacy and the future of the court to which she dedicated so much can’t disappear from our effort to honor her. In some of her final moments with her family, she shared her fervent wish to “not be replaced until a new president is installed.” We will honor that wish.
Justice Ginsburg used every ounce of life she was bestowed to urge our nation down a path toward equal justice. Doug and I send our heartfelt prayers to Jane and James, and the entire Ginsburg family, particularly on this holy day of Rosh Hashanah. According to Jewish tradition, on Rosh Hashanah we begin a period of reflection. Tonight, we reflect on the legacy of Justice Ginsburg and we honor her belief in creating a fair and just world by recommitting to fight for that justice.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., Ranking Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee.
“The country lost a truly amazing woman tonight with the passing of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. She may have been small of stature but she was an absolute giant of jurisprudence.
Justice Ginsburg was a trailblazer for women. She was a once-in-a-generation legal mind and a passionate champion for the rights of all Americans. Simply put, she was an extraordinary person whose passing is a loss to the nation.
Justice Ginsburg was trusted by women, by minorities, by all Americans to stand up for their rights. She wrote eloquent decisions and fiery dissents that placed her among the most eloquent of justices. Over her 27 years on the Supreme Court she was known as a liberal lion, but also as a kind, compassionate judge who understood the plight of everyone who came before the court.
Health challenges plagued Justice Ginsburg’s later years, but as with all aspects of her life she put her head down and forged ahead. Her ability to cope with cancer while still serving as a driving force on the court was a real testament to her strength and force of will. She’ll be missed by a grateful nation.
Under no circumstances should the Senate consider a replacement for Justice Ginsburg until after the presidential inauguration. Senator McConnell made his position clear in 2016 when he held Justice Scalia’s seat vacant for 10 months so he could deny President Obama an appointment – a goal he himself admitted.
Merrick Garland was nominated to fill Scalia’s seat on March 16, 2016 – 237 days before the presidential election. Today, we’re just 46 days away from an election. To jam through a lifetime appointment to the country’s highest court – particularly to replace an icon like Justice Ginsburg – would be the height of hypocrisy.
“It has been reported that Justice Ginsburg’s wish was that the winner of the upcoming election nominate her successor. We should all honor that wish and wait until after the presidential inauguration to take action.”
U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, speaking to Sean Hannity of Fox News.
We and the entire nation mourn the passing of an historic Justice. She was only the second woman ever to serve on the Court. She served 27 years; before she was on the Court she was a Court of Appeals judge and before that she was a legendary advocate – she was one of the most accomplished Supreme Court advocates to have ever lived. I argued before her nine times. She was brilliant and she was a very careful lawyer, and she was a trailblazer. And she leaves a large legacy. Heidi and I are lifting up her family in prayer as they mourn her loss, but she led an extraordinary life.
I think with the Court we’re one vote away from losing our fundamental constitutional liberties. And I believe that the president should next week nominate a successor to the Court. And I think it is critical that the Senate takes up and confirms that successor before Election Day. There’s going to be enormous pressure from the media, there’s going to be enormous pressure from Democrats to delay filling this vacancy, but this election – this nomination is why Donald Trump was elected, this confirmation is why the voters voted for a Republican majority in the Senate. And I’ll tell you one reason in particular, why I think it is tremendously important that not only does the nomination happen next week but the confirmation happen[s] before Election Day.
Because Democrats and Joe Biden had made clear they intend to challenge this election, they intend to fight the legitimacy of the election. As you know, Hillary Clinton has told Joe Biden, under no circumstances should you concede, you should challenge this election. And we cannot have Election Day come and go with a four-four Court – a four-four Court that is equally divided cannot decide anything. And I think we risk a constitutional crisis if we do not have a nine-justice Supreme Court, particularly when there is such a risk of a contested litigation and a contested election.
Twenty years ago, I was part of the legal team that litigated Bush v. Gore and went to the Supreme Court. Thirty-seven days the country did not know who the president was going to be, and if we had a four-four court it could have dragged on for weeks and months. And so, I think we have a responsibility, a responsibility to do our job. The president should nominate a principal constitutionalist with a proven record. And the Senate, it’s going to take a lot of work to get it done before Election Day but I think we should do our job and protect the country from the constitutional crisis that could result otherwise.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi
The loss of Ruth Bader Ginsburg is devasting. Justice Ginsberg embodied justice, brilliance and goodness, and her passing is an incalculable loss for our democracy and for all who sacrifice and strive to build a better future for our children.
Every family in America benefited from her brilliant legacy and courage. Over the course of her quarter century as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Ruth Bader Ginsberg became an icon, inspiring people around the world with her tenacity, towering intellect and devotion to the American promise of equality and opportunity for all. Her tireless advocacy in the fight for gender equality, whether working at the ACLU, arguing cases before the Supreme Court or authoring thoughtful and historic opinions and dissents as an Associate Justice, leaves an enduring legacy of progress for all women. Her opinions have unequivocally cemented the precedent that all men and women are created equal.
We must honor Justice Ginsburg’s trailblazing career and safeguard her powerful legacy by ensuring that the next Associate Justice of the Supreme Court upholds her commitment to equality, opportunity and justice for all. May it be a source of comfort to her children, Jane and James, her grandchildren Paul, Clara, Miranda and Abigail, and loved ones that so many people around the world mourn their loss and are praying for them at this sad time.”
House Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer, D-Md.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was an icon of American law and equal rights. She spent her career fighting for equal justice and to ensure that the most vulnerable found protection under our Constitution. On issues such as gender discrimination, voting rights, access to health care, same-sex marriage, campaign finance, and immigration, Justice Ginsburg has left an indelible impact on the law and on our nation. Tonight, we pause to reflect on her trailblazing life, her brilliant mind, her sharp wit, and her persistence in facing every obstacle that came her way.
It was Justice Ginsburg’s fervent wish that a replacement justice not be appointed until after the winner of the 2020 election is sworn in, in order to ensure that the American people have a chance to have their voices heard. That is consistent with Senator McConnell’s view that a Supreme Court nominee should not be appointed during an election year, certainly not weeks before an election. I urge everyone, as we mourn Justice Ginsburg, to remember and honor her final request and to allow our democracy to work its will in determining who will have the formidable task of following such an extraordinary person on the highest bench of our land.
May her memory be a blessing.
Rep. James E. Clyburn, D-S.C., House Majority Whip
There are people who have an outsized impact on this world.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was such a person. Her unwavering commitment to justice for all is her living legacy.
Rest In Peace.
House Republican Whip Steve Scalise, R-La.
“My prayers are with the family of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. She was a tough fighter, battling cancer multiple times, while still playing a powerful role as a jurist on our Nation’s highest court.”
Georgetown Law Dean William M. Treanor
I am heart-broken by Justice Ginsburg’s death. She was an extraordinary Justice, a brilliant lawyer who changed the law through her fight for women’s rights, and an inspiration to us all. She was a great friend to Georgetown, and she and her late husband Marty were treasured members of our community. I will never forget her visits to Georgetown Law and her interactions with our students. It was a joy to watch their faces as they saw their hero. She embodied the best in the law, and I admired her more than I can say. Her death is a profound loss.
American Association for Justice President Tobi Millrood
Tonight, America mourns the loss of a national treasure, trailblazing advocate, and civil justice champion. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg spent a lifetime fighting to protect the rights of Americans, becoming a transformative figure on the Supreme Court. With her fierce support of the rule of law and the protection of the individual, she rightfully became a cultural icon. In 1993, Justice Ginsburg became the second woman ever appointed to the Supreme Court.
As the 107th Justice on the Supreme Court, much of her work during 27 years on the Court was devoted to the deep-rooted principle that America’s courts must be open for every person who has been discriminated against or wrongfully harmed to seek justice. Justice Ginsburg dedicated her life to advancing the rule of law and achieving equal justice for all people and was a persistent advocate for gender equality and women’s rights.
That commitment is reflected in her opinions giving broad scope to the statutory remedies Congress has established, including those that would allow suits by injured railroad workers and seafarers. Her dissent from the Court’s 2007 decision rejecting a woman’s suit for equal pay as untimely was later vindicated when Congress passed and President Obama signed the ‘Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act,’ amending those time limits.
Justice Ginsburg opposed decisions that closed courthouse doors to American workers, consumers, and patients through federal preemption of traditional state tort remedies and through forced arbitration provisions. She also recognized that civil justice in America includes the right to trial by jury, guaranteed by the Seventh Amendment. She dissented from decisions that allow judges to overturn punitive damage verdicts rendered by juries in fair trials.
The daughter of an immigrant, she represented the ideals of this nation and fought to preserve access and opportunity for all in their pursuit of the American Dream. We deeply mourn the passing of Justice Ginsburg, and we honor this pioneering champion and her dedication to justice for all.
Democratic National Committee Chair Tom Perez
Five years ago, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was asked in an interview, ‘When the time comes, what would you like to be remembered for?’ She replied, ‘Someone who used whatever talent she had to do her work to the very best of her ability, and to help repair tears in her society.’ Throughout her extraordinary career, Ruth Bader Ginsburg did her very best to repair the tears in our society. She was a brilliant jurist, a fearless champion for justice, a trailblazer for countless women and girls, and a tireless advocate for the rights of those on society’s margins. With a sharp mind and even sharper wit, Justice Ginsburg changed our court and our country for the better. The Supreme Court has lost a giant today, and America has lost a hero. May her memory be a blessing, and may her family find solace in the prayers of a grateful nation.
As we mourn this tragic loss, we also recognize the gravity of Justice Ginsburg’s position. There is now a vacancy at the U.S. Supreme Court, and it should be filled with a justice who embodies the same integrity, courage, and commitment to equality that Justice Ginsburg showed on the bench and throughout her life. As was Justice Ginsburg’s final wish, the American people deserve a voice in this decision. And they will make their voices heard in November.