Hollister Ranch Sues California, Calling New Public Access Law Unconstitutional
LOS ANGELES — In a new twist to one of the most high-profile — and longest — beach access battles in California, Hollister Ranch sued state officials Thursday over a new law designed to open its exclusive coastline to the public after decades of stops and stalls.
The law, which went into effect this month, declares that the public must be allowed to enter the ranch by land and access some of its 8.5 miles of shoreline by April 2022. Further access would be phased in under a comprehensive plan to be developed in the next two years.
The law also makes it a crime, punishable by tens of thousands of dollars in fines, for any person or group “to impede, delay, or otherwise obstruct the implementation of” public access to these coveted beaches and surf breaks in Santa Barbara County.
Public access advocates have celebrated the new law as a significant move forward on an issue that had faltered in the face of powerful landowners. But ranch officials, who opposed the legislation last year, call many of the provisions an overreach of the state’s authority.
Monte Ward, president of the Hollister Ranch Owners Association, said the ranch had no objections to the original legislation, Assembly Bill 1680. But when passed, “AB 1680 transformed, without hearings or debate, into an overreaching and unconstitutional bill that tramples on protections of due process, illegal search and seizure, free speech, and the taking of private property without compensation,” Ward said.
Provisions of particular concern include the fines and fees, and provisions allowing state agencies to enter the ranch and to search and use all common areas for the purpose of gathering data.
The ranch made these concerns clear to the bill’s author, the Legislature and the governor before he signed it into law, Ward said, but “our concerns were ignored.”
The governor’s office, as well as officials from the state Coastal Conservancy, the California Coastal Commission, the State Lands Commission and California State Parks did not respond immediately for comment.
The lawsuit was filed in federal court by the Pacific Legal Foundation, a nonprofit known for high-profile cases defending private property rights and what it says are “Americans threatened by government overreach and abuse.”
David Breemer, an attorney at Pacific Legal Foundation who is representing the ranch pro bono, said, “There is a right way and wrong way to deal with access issues.”
“Requiring property owners to submit to searches of property without notice or limits and threatening them with fines for speaking out or acting in other lawful ways to defend their private property is the wrong way,” he said. “If California uses these overreaching means at Hollister Ranch in pursuit of its access goals, no one’s property is safe.”
State coastal officials, he added, have “spent decades trying to turn private ranch lands into a public area without adequately respecting the private rights of those who live there, or its special and historical character as an area preserved from public damage and set aside for ranching.”
In recent months, coastal officials and the ranch have been working together to come up with a public access plan that would balance everyone’s concerns. Many owners worry about what unfettered access, unmanaged trash and extra foot traffic could do to their years of work protecting the land.
In an agreement signed last year, the state Coastal Conservancy, the California Coastal Commission, the State Lands Commission and California State Parks pledged to work efficiently to expand and enhance “meaningful, safe, environmentally sustainable and operationally feasible public access to and along the coast at the ranch.”
Efforts so far, everyone said, have been collaborative.
In July, about 20 officials from all four agencies, as well as Santa Barbara County, met with the Hollister Ranch Owners Association and toured the shoreline — yet another milestone in a standoff that in past decades had blocked state agencies from even entering the ranch.
Surveyors from the State Lands Commission have also been allowed in to map the public beaches for the first time.
The new law specifies that the ranch must continue to grant access to state officials as they work on the public access plan. Jack Ainsworth, executive director of the coastal commission, has said that his team will continue these good faith efforts and “hope all stakeholders will do likewise.”
“But if not,” he said, “this bill provides some important guardrails.”
Ward said he also wants to continue working with the state. He acknowledged that officials have not exercised any of the provisions of concern, but the way the law is written is not acceptable. Some of the provisions, he said, “threaten to derail honest efforts to plan for expanded public access to Hollister Ranch.”
“This is not an action we wanted to take,” he said. “Indeed, we have been encouraged by the unprecedented effort … state leaders have made to take a fresh look at the facts on the ground and, through collaboration and cooperation, develop a new access plan that preserves a wilderness coastline rich in biodiversity and cultural resources, while protecting the ranch’s privacy and traditions.”
Lawsuits have become par for the course in this public access issue that has dragged on since the state’s landmark Coastal Act was passed in 1976. Increased public scrutiny last year exposed a history of litigation and exceptionalism that kept the public gated off for decades.
Public pressure to open the beaches mounted in 2018 after ranch and coastal officials agreed to a controversial deal that would have allowed access only to ranch owners, their guests, visitors with guides and those who could boat or paddle in from two miles away.
The Los Angeles Times published the terms of this deal, which was struck behind closed doors. Coastal officials heeded the public outcry and have since looked for new ways to obtain access once and for all.
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