Study: Healthy Diet Before and During Pregnancy Linked to Lower Risk of Complications

June 3, 2021 by TWN Staff
(Photo via Wikimedia Commons)

A healthy diet around the time of conception through the second trimester may reduce the risk of several common pregnancy complications, according to a new study from the National Institutes of Health.

Expectant women in the study who scored high on any of three measures of healthy eating had lower risks for gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related blood pressure disorders and preterm birth.

The study was conducted by Cuilin Zhang, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. It appears in latest edition of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The researchers analyzed dietary data collected multiple times during pregnancy from the NICHD Fetal Growth Study.

Nearly 1,900 women responded to questionnaires on their diets at eight to 13 weeks of pregnancy and were asked to estimate what they ate in the previous three months.

At 16 to 22 weeks and 24 to 29 weeks, the women identified what they ate in the previous 24 hours. Their responses were scored according to three measures of healthy eating: the Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Alternate Mediterranean Diet, and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet.

All three measures emphasize consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grain, nuts and legumes while limiting red and processed meat.

Overall, the researchers found that following any of the diets around the time of conception through the second trimester was associated with a lower risk of gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia and preterm delivery.

For example, women with a high AHEI score at 16 to 22 weeks had a 32% lower risk for gestational diabetes than women with a low AHEI score. Women with a high DASH score at eight to 12 weeks and 16 to 22 weeks had a 19% lower risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure disorders. A high AMED score at 24 to 29 weeks or a high DASH score at 24 to 29 weeks was associated with a 50% lower risk for preterm birth.

In The News

Health

Voting

Health

CDC Extends Eviction Moratorium a Month, Says It's Last Time
Housing
CDC Extends Eviction Moratorium a Month, Says It's Last Time

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Biden administration has extended the nationwide ban on evictions for a month to help tenants who are unable to make rent payments during the coronavirus pandemic, but it said this is expected to be the last time it does so. Dr. Rochelle... Read More

VA Data Outlines Its Role In COVID-19 Response
Health
VA Data Outlines Its Role In COVID-19 Response
June 24, 2021
by Daniel Mollenkamp

WASHINGTON- The Department of Veterans Affairs released data about its involvement with the national coronavirus response. According to the data, it provided thousands of personal protective equipment, admitted hundreds of non-veterans to its facilities, and performed thousands of tests across the country under its role as... Read More

Biden Pressured to Reverse Restriction of Non-Essential Travel Across US-Mexico Border
Travel
Biden Pressured to Reverse Restriction of Non-Essential Travel Across US-Mexico Border
June 23, 2021
by Alexa Hornbeck

The Biden administration is being pressured to decide by the end of the month as to whether to reverse Title 42, known as the Public Health Service Act, used to restrict non-essential travel across the U.S.-Mexico border to prevent the spread of COVID-19.  In March 2020,... Read More

Faith-based Approaches Can Overturn Vaccine Hesitancy
Health
Faith-based Approaches Can Overturn Vaccine Hesitancy
June 23, 2021
by Alexa Hornbeck

A recent survey conducted by the Public Religion Research Institute and Interfaith Youth Core finds that faith-based approaches supporting vaccine uptake can influence members of key hesitant groups to get vaccinated. Religious leaders can help overturn hesitancy by battling popular assumptions that groups like QAnon have... Read More

W.A.T.C.H. Report for Toys to Avoid This Summer
Health
W.A.T.C.H. Report for Toys to Avoid This Summer
June 23, 2021
by Alexa Hornbeck

This week marked the official beginning of summer, and in preparation, the World Against Toys Causing Harm, known as W.A.T.C.H., produced a Summer Safety Report for parents and caregivers to navigate summer heat safety for children whose injuries typically double during the summer months. “We want... Read More

New WHO Guidance Aims to Achieve Significant Reduction in Suicide Rate
Mental Health
New WHO Guidance Aims to Achieve Significant Reduction in Suicide Rate
June 23, 2021
by Alexa Hornbeck

The World Health Organization released new suicide prevention guidance last week aimed at reducing the world’s suicide rate by a third by 2030. “While a comprehensive national suicide prevention strategy should be the ultimate goal for all governments,” said Dr. Alexandra Fleischmann, suicide prevention expert at... Read More

News From The Well
scroll top