Study Confirms Link Between COVID Shot and Increased Menstrual Cycle Length

September 27, 2022 by TWN Staff
Study Confirms Link Between COVID Shot and Increased Menstrual Cycle Length
A COVID testing tent in midtown Manhattan. (Photo by Dan McCue)

WASHINGTON — A new study has confirmed the findings of earlier research that linked COVID-19 vaccination with an average increase in menstrual cycle length of less than one day.

The study, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health, included data from nearly 20,000 people from Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, Europe and other parts of the world who received any of nine different vaccines.

The increase was not associated with any change in the number of days of menses (days of bleeding). For most study participants, the increase resolved in the cycle following vaccination.

The study’s principal investigator was Dr. Alison Edelman, M.P.H., of Oregon Health & Science University in Portland. The study appears in BMJ Medicine.

“These findings provide additional information for counseling women on what to expect after vaccination,” said Dr. Diana Bianchi, director of NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. “Changes following vaccination appear to be small, within the normal range of variation, and temporary.”



NICHD and NIH’s Office of Research on Women’s Health funded the study, which was part of $1.67 million awarded to five institutions to explore potential links between COVID-19 vaccination and menstrual changes.

A change in cycle length of less than eight days is considered within the normal range of variation. Although small menstrual changes may not be meaningful to health care professionals and researchers, the study authors wrote, perceived changes in a bodily function linked to fertility may be alarming to those experiencing it and could contribute to vaccine hesitancy.


The study included data from participants throughout the world, but most were from the United Kingdom (32%), the United States and Canada (29%) and Europe (34%).

In addition to the messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccines — Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna — participants received COVID-19 vaccines made from engineered viruses — AstraZeneca, Covishield, Janssen/Johnson & Johnson and Sputnik — and inactivated viruses — Covaxin, Sinopharm and Sinovac.

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