Democrats Close But Still Short Votes Needed to Pass $15 Minimum Wage

April 26, 2019by Lindsey McPherson
Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) speaks at the AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee) Policy Conference at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center on March 5, 2018, in Washington, D.C. (Michael Brochstein/Sipa USA/TNS)

WASHINGTON — Proponents of a $15 minimum wage are bullish about the prospects of the House passing a bill to incrementally double the current $7.25 federal standard over five years, despite Democrats seemingly being short the votes to do so.

“We’re working to make sure that we have consensus, but we’re going to pass that bill with enough Democratic votes to make sure that it passes out of the House,” House Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer told reporters during a House Democrats’ retreat in Leesburg, Va., earlier this month.

The Raise the Wage Act is a top priority for most House Democrats, with 205 members (203 who can vote on the floor) co-sponsoring Education and Labor Chairman Robert C. Scott’s bill to gradually institute a $15 federal minimum wage and phase out the tipped wage.

But a small number of Democrats feel the five-year time span for doubling the existing minimum wage is too quick for some states or regions where the cost of living is lower. In those areas, the spending power of a dollar goes further for consumers, but income is lower for regional businesses that would have to pay their employees the higher wage.

Rep. Terri A. Sewell, the only House Democrat from Alabama, has offered a different approach — a regional minimum wage that would set different schedules for raising the federal standard based on costs of living in different areas. But her bill has not emerged as a true alternative, since half of the 12 members co-sponsoring it have also signed onto Scott’s bill.

Scott and the House Democratic leadership would like to bring his bill to the floor, ideally without changes. To do so they’ll be targeting 22 voting members — 24 have not signed on to either measure, but two of them voted for it in committee. Reps. Illinois Lauren Underwood of Illinois and Josh Harder of California are prepared to support the Raise the Wage Act if it is brought to the floor, their offices confirmed.

Only 11 of the 22 uncommitted Democrats would need to back the bill on the floor for it to pass. That assumes all sponsors, including Scott, are present to vote “yes” and that Sewell, the other six Democrats sponsoring her bill but not Scott’s, and all Republicans vote “no.”

“I’m optimistic because there are a number of people who’ve indicated quietly that they’ll vote for it but they don’t want to be a co-sponsor,” Scott said in an interview during the Democratic retreat.

Roll Call contacted the offices of the 22 uncommitted members, and less than half responded — most said their bosses support raising the minimum wage but signaled they remain undecided on the best proposal for doing that.

Arizona Rep. Tom O’Halleran supports raising the federal minimum wage and he is reviewing both bills, his spokesman said, noting that the congressman supported Arizona’s effort to incrementally raise the state minimum wage to $12 an hour by 2020.

Two of the members who’ve not sponsored either bill are from Texas, where the state minimum wage is the same as the $7.25 federal rate and municipalities are barred from passing their own increases.

Rep. Colin Allred supports raising the federal minimum wage and is “currently listening to North Texans to get their input on how to achieve that goal and reviewing the different proposals currently being offered,” according to a spokesman.

Likewise, Rep. Lizzie Fletcher is still speaking to members of her community about the issue, her spokeswoman said.

Nine Texans are co-sponsoring Scott’s bill while two, Reps. Vicente Gonzalez and Henry Cuellar, are co-sponsoring Sewell’s measure.

Neither of New Hampshire’s two Democratic representatives, Ann McLane Kuster and Chris Pappas, have signed onto either bill. The state, which repealed its minimum wage in 2011, follows the $7.25 federal rate.

Kuster intends to vote to raise the minimum wage, her spokesman said. Pappas’ spokesman was checking with the congressman about his position but hadn’t provided a response at press time.

Illinois Rep. Sean Casten said in a statement that he’s still evaluating both bills.

“As I think through proposals, I am focused on how we grow our economy and enact pro-labor policies to benefit society. I look forward to working (with) my colleagues to advance these goals,” he said.

South Carolina Rep. Joe Cunningham is currently undecided, his spokeswoman said. The only other Democratic representative in that state, which also follows the federal rate, is Majority Whip James E. Clyburn, who is supporting Scott’s bill.

Democrats are also divided in Minnesota, where the minimum wage is $9.86 per hour for large employers and $8.04 per hour for small employers. Reps. Betty McCollum and Ilhan Omar support Scott’s bill, while Rep. Dean Phillips supports Sewell’s proposal.

Minnesota Reps. Angie Craig and Collin C. Peterson have not sponsored either measure. Craig supports increasing the minimum wage and is looking at all the proposals to do so while she talks with constituents about the best approach for her district, her office said. Peterson’s office did not respond to a request for comment.

In Iowa, another state that follows the minimum wage, two of the three Democratic members, Reps. Cindy Axne and Abby Finkenauer, have not sponsored either measure. Neither of their offices responded to requests for comment. Rep. Dave Loebsack, who is retiring after this term, supports Scott’s bill.

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George Levines contributed to this report.

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